SUMMARY: Bertrand Russell (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) British philosopher, historian, logician, mathematician
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Bertrand Russell was born on May 18, 1872 and died on February 2, 1970. Most of Bertrand Russell’s life was spent as a British philosopher, historian, logician, mathematician, advocate for social reform, and pacifist. He is considered one of the greatest logicians of his time. In 1950, Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, “in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought”.
Bertrand Russell had two older siblings. His older sister Rachel was four years older than him. His older brother Frank was almost seven years older than him. In June 1974 his beloved mother passed away. She died of diphtheria. This was a hard time for Bertrand Russell because he loved his mother dearly. Rachel died shortly after the death of their mother and that was also a hard time for him. In January 1876 his father passed away leaving him and his brother alone in the world. He later found out that his father passed away from bronchitis this was due to his father’s bad smoking problem. In 1878 his grandfather, who had been Prime Minister passed away. He was also very close to his grandfather; this was one of the reasons that his depression lasted so long.
Death was prevalent in his life. Amberly was his wife but she passed away and left the children to Bertrand Russell. She had asked in her will that the kids be raised as agnostics but Burtrand refused. After his wife’s death he became very lonely.
In his early life Bertrand Russell won a mathematics scholarship to Cambridge university, There he quickly distinguished himself with mathematics and philosophy. He also did a lot of traveling.
He traveled with some friends of his grandfather; he was able to clime the Eiffel tower. He got to climb it shortly after it was built. He had a lot of schooling and was a very bright young man who was dedicated and deserved the scholarship.
Russell began his published work in 1896 with German Social Democracy. This was a written study in politics. He showed in this work his deep interest in political and social theory.
He worked hard in his life to further his education, as well as the education of others. In fact, in 1896, he taught German social democracy at the London School of Economics, where he also lectured on the science of power.
Bertrand Russell was a huge figure in social reform at this time, his written works, political stands, groups he joined and more. Russell became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1908, and in 1910 publish the first of three volumes of Principia Mathematica, written with Whitehead.
During the First World War, Russell engaged in pacifist activities, and, in 1916, he was dismissed from Trinity College for this reason. He also served six months in prison for this.
In August 1920, Russell went to Russia to investigate the effects of the Russian Revolution. During the course of his visit, he met Lenin and had an hour-long conversation with him.
Russell subsequently lectured in Beijing on philosophy for one year, but became gravely ill with pneumonia, and incorrect reports of his death were published in the Japanese press.
After the Second World War, Russell taught at the University of Chicago but later returned to England
During the 1940s and 1950s, Russell was asked to give his opinion all over the world because of his fame and position.
He survived a plane crash and the fame of that helped his literary career.
Russell spent the 1950s and 1960s engaged in various political causes, primarily related to nuclear disarmament and opposing the Vietnam war. He is a notable author and public figure.
Dr. Dapo Sobomehin says
I am still puzzled by the fact that the world still lives in the darkness. The war continues–poverty is still pervasive. The world is a dog eats dog. Greed continues–the least in our midst continues to be the most neglected. The greatest teaching of our time is to care for the least. Where are we on this?